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JOHNE'S INFORMATION CENTER - University of Wisconsin Ñ School of Veterinary Medicine
JOHNE'S INFORMATION CENTER - University of Wisconsin - School of Veterinary Medicine




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Wednesday, September 27, 2017
The Consensus from the Mycobacterium avium ssp. paratuberculosis (MAP) Conference 2017



On March 24 and 25, 2017 researchers and clinicians from around the world met at Temple University in Philadelphia to discuss the current knowledge of Mycobacterium avium ssp. paratuberculosis (MAP) and its relationship to human disease. The conference was held because of shared concern that MAP is a zoonotic bacterium that poses a threat not only to animal health but also human health. The conference proceedings may be viewed at www.Humanpara.org.

A summary of the salient work in this field is followed by recommendations from a majority of the conferees. A majority of the conferees strongly urge that the possibility that MAP causes human disease no longer be ignored. Should further compelling evidence become available, it is recommended that the FDA and USDA (and their counterparts in other nations) have contingency plans in place to rapidly eliminate MAP from the milk and meat supply through effective MAP control measures including biosecurity and hygiene, vaccination, and test-and-cull programs. Even if public health measures are not put in place by the appropriate regulatory agencies, food producers are encouraged to offer food products from animals in MAP control programs. Many food producers are already undertaking voluntary control practices and this effort is encouraged and commended. The international representation in the authorship of this article attests to the observation that Crohn’s Disease is now a worldwide epidemic.

The article has 70 coauthors, including the past (Collins) and current (Juste) Presidents of the International Association for Paratuberculosis. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License.

Link to full article


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Wednesday, September 13, 2017
Ireland launches effort to eradicate paratuberculosis.

Motivated by a need to protect its €1.7 billion annual infant milk formula sales, Animal Health Ireland today announced that the Johne’s Disease Implementation Group has agreed the commencement of a new program for the control of Johne’s Disease in Ireland. Building on the experience of the pilot control program for dairy herds (2014-2016), the design of this new broadly-based control program has been agreed by the Implementation Group, taking account of the recommendations of the Johne’s Disease Technical Working Group. The program will be introduced in two phases, the first phase commencing early in September 2017, and the second phase expected to start early in 2018.

News story from Farm Ireland


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Wednesday, September 13, 2017
Johne’s disease recommended for EU intervention.

A panel of 27 scientists working for the European Food Standards Agency (EFSA) published a risk assessment of paratuberculosis according to European Union (EU) regulations. EFSA, functioning as a risk assessor, recommended that paratuberculosis be a “listed” disease. It is the job of the EU Commission (acting as the risk manager) to consider this report, and similar ones on other diseases, and decide: 1) if paratuberculosis should be an EU listed disease, and 2) if the recommended animal movement controls and disease surveillance to deal with paratuberculosis should be implemented.

The 47 page document is dense reading but very comprehensive; best suited to experts in the field of paratuberculosis. It was published June 30, 2017 in the EFSA Journal [2017;15(7):4960] and is freely available online.

In the view of some EU experts, if listing takes place, efforts towards MAP control will change significantly; not only in EU, but also with trade partners.

Full 47 page article


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